Category: Nomisma CookBook

CoinWear

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#CoinWear has Superclasses: Wear Related classes: nmo:DieWear Object property: nmo:hasWear Note: Wear on a coin or similar objects occurring as a result of its use. Use case: ↑TOP

Collection

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Collection Class instances: nm:vatican_museums, nm:goethe_uni_frankfurt_arch_wiss, nm:uva, … Object property: nmo:hasCollection Note: General term denoting the objects held by an institution or individual. Or the holding entity itself. Examples: Defining a new collection of ancient...

Controlmark

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Controlmark has Subclasses: Mintmark Object property: nmo:hasControlmark Note: A control mark is a letter, symbol or an inscription on a numismatic object intended to distinguish a group of coins within an issue or series....

Corrosion

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Corrosion Class instances: nm:corroded, nm:heavily_corroded, nm:lightly_corroded, … Object property: nmo:hasCorrosion Note: Degradation to a numismatic object due to chemical reaction with its environment. Examples: coin has wear, slight corrosion on several spots. Use case: ...

Countermark

IRI:http://nomisma.org/ontology#Countermark has Superclasses: SecondaryTreatment Object property: nmo:hasCountermark Note: A mark or symbol punched into a coin or similar object at some point during its time in circulation. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasCountermark rdf:resource=”http://…/cmark_tica”/></rdf:Description> <rdf:Description...

Denomination

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Denomination Class instances: nm:denarius, nm:chalkous, nm:large_ae2, nm:3-Taler, nm:onkia, … Object property: nmo:hasDenomination Note: Term indicating the value of a numismatic object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasDenomination rdf:resource=”nm:denarius”/></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

DepositionType

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#DepositionType has Superclasses: Context Note: The circumstances under which an object or group of objects came to be deposited and part of the archaeological record. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasContext>    <nmo:DepositionType>     ...

DieWear

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#DieWear has Superclasses: Wear Related classes: nmo:CoinWear Object property: nmo:hasWear Note: Wear on a die occurring as a result of its use. Use case: Turtle::Coin_1 nmo:hasWear [ a nmo:DieWear ;    dcterms:description “Wear...

DiscoveryType

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#DiscoveryType has Superclasses: Context Note: The circumstances under which an object or group of objects came to be discovered. as a chance stray find or a controlled excavation. Examples: as a chance stray find...

Ethnic

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Ethnic Class instances: nm:indo-sasanians, nm:zaeelii, nm:tynteni, … Note: Generally, a tribal or ethnic name appearing on a numismatic object. Distinct from personal authority as indicated by the presence of ruler’s name. Use case: a....

FieldOfNumismatics

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#FieldOfNumismatics Class instances: nm:roman_numismatics, nm:greek_numismatics, nm:united_states_numismatics, … Note: Any widely recognized area of study within the discipline of numismatics. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”collection_1″>  <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=”nm:roman_numismatic”/></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

Find

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Find has Superclasses: Context has Subclasses: Hoard Note: A numismatic object or group of numismatic objects that was lost or deposited, whether intentionally or unintentionally, in previous times, and subsequently recovered. The recovery takes...

Hoard

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Hoard has Superclasses: Find Class instances: nm:olivers_orchard_hoards, nm:normanby_hoard, nm:lliria_hoard, nm:brauweiler_hoard Note: A group of numismatic objects: a store of wealth concealed with intent of recovery but which, for reasons not usually known to us,...

Manufacture

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Manufacture Class instances: nm:struck, nm:cast, nm:plated, nm:pressed, nm:gilded, … Object property: nmo:hasManufacture Note: The technique of manufacture. Examples: Struck, Cast. Coin was made by this manufacturing-method (if method is not defined among the Nomisma-IDs...

Material

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Material Class instances: nm:ar, nm:ae, nm:av, nm:glass, nm:clay, … Object property: nmo:hasMaterial Note: The physical material from which an object is made. Examples: Gold, Silver, Bronze. Coin was made from material_x, which is composed...

Mint

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#Mint Class instances: nm:asculum, nm:comama, nm:cennatis, nm:argos_argolis, … Object property: nmo:hasMint Note: Generic term for a place of manufacture of a numismatic object or for the issuing city. Use case: a.  

NumismaticObject

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#NumismaticObject Note: Objects considered to be within the numismatic domain. Examples: Coins, Tokens, Banknotes etc. Use case: a. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <rdf:type rdf:resource=”nmo:NumismaticObject”/></rdf:Description> Use case: b. RDF/XML:<nmo:NumismaticObject rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasObjectType rdf:resource=”nm:coin”/></nmo:NumismaticObject> ↑TOP

ReferenceWork

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#ReferenceWork has Superclasses: dcterms:BibliographicResource has Subclasses: TypeSeries Object property: nmo:hasReferenceWork Class instances: nm:igch, nm:belfort, nm:prou_mero, nm:head_1911 Note: A published work of reference relevant to a numismatic object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasReferenceWork rdf:resource=”nm:igch”/></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasAppearance

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasAppearance has Subproperties: hasBearsDate , hasControlmark , hasEdge , hasFace , hasIconography Note: Describes the appearance of a numismatic object. Examples: Iconography, legends and physical characteristics. Use case: Turtle::Coin_1 nmo:hasApperance [ nmo:hasBearsDate “0231”^^<xsd:gYear> ; ...

hasAuthority

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasAuthority Related concepts: Person Note: Identifies the authority in whose name (explicitly or implicitly) a numismatic object was issued. Examples: Charlemagne, Augustus, Sparta, Federal Republic of Germany, Bank of England Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″> ...

hasAxis

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasAxis Note: Describes the directional relationship between the obverse and reverse of a numismatic object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasAxis rdf:datatype=”xsd:integer”>2</nmo:hasAxis></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasBearsDate

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasBearsDate has Superproperties: hasAppearance Note: Describes a date that appears on an object. Examples: POA = Year 171 Use case: a. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasBearsDate>POA</nmo:hasBearsDate></rdf:Description> Use case: b. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasBearsDate rdf:datatype=”xsd:gYear”>171</nmo:hasBearsDate></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasCollection

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasCollection Related classes: nmo:Collection Note: Identifies the modern collection or repository in which a numismatic object resides or has resided in the past. Examples: goethe_uni_frankfurt_arch_wiss, vatican_museums, uni-passau, … Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasCollection rdf:resource=”nm:goethe_uni_frankfurt_arch_wiss”/></rdf:Description>...

hasContemporaryName

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasContemporaryName has Superproperties: dcterms:alternative Note: A contemporary name is a term for a particular group of numismatic objects or concept(s) that was used for them at the time of their use. This may, for...

hasContext

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasContext Related classes: nmo:Context Note: Describes the context of a numismatic object. Use case: Turtle::Coin_1 nmo:hasContext [ a nmo:DiscoveryType ;        rdfs:comment “Excavations in area 360-2″^^<xsd:string> ] ;        dcterms:ispartOf...

hasControlmark

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasControlmark has Superproperties: hasAppearance has Subproperties: hasMintmark Related classes: nmo:Controlmark Note: Identifies a letter, symbol, monogram or an inscription on a numismatic object intended to distinguish it as part of a group of numismatic...

hasCorrosion

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasCorrosion Related classes: nmo:Corrosion Note: Describes degradation due to chemical reaction with an environment, commonly in terms prescribed by “Abnutzung und Korrosion: Bestimmungstafeln zur Bearbeitung von Fundmünzen = Usure et corrosion. (1995). Lausanne.” (OCLC...

hasCountermark

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasCountermark has Superproperties: hasIconography , hasSecondaryTreatment Related classes: nmo:Countermark Note: Identifies a mark or symbol punched into a coin or similar object at some point during its time in circulation. Use case: a. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description...

hasDate

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasDate has Subproperties: hasProductionDate Related concepts: Period Note: Describes date (range) assigned in a numismatic context. Examples: 241-197 B.C., reece5, archaic_greece, arab_sasanian, classical_greece, … Use case: a. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasDate rdf:resource=”nm:classical_greece”/></rdf:Description> Use case: b....

hasDenomination

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasDenomination Related classes: nmo:Denomination Note: Describes the monetary value assigned to an object within a denominational system. Examples: Tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasDenomination rdf:resource=”nm:denarius”/></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasDepth

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasDepth has Subproperties: hasMaxDepth , hasMinDepth Note: Describes the depth of an object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>   <nmo:hasDepth rdf:datatype=”xsd:decimal”>2.3</nmo:hasDepth></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasDiameter

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasDiameter has Subproperties: hasMaxDiameter , hasMinDiameter Note: Describes the diameter of an object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasDiameter rdf:datatype=”xsd:decimal”>16.6</nmo:hasDiameter></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasDie

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasDie has Superproperties: hasProductionObject Note: Describes the die from which a numismatic object has been produced. Use case: RDF/XML:<nmo:NumismaticObject rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasDie rdf:resource=”die_c1″/></nmo:NumismaticObject> <nmo:NumismaticObject rdf:about=”die_c1″>  <nmo:hasObjectType rdf:resource=”nm:die”/>  <skos:exactMatch rdf:resource=”http://…/die_c1″/></nmo:NumismaticObject> ↑TOP

hasEdge

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasEdge has Superproperties: hasAppearance Note: Describes the characteristics of the edge of a numismatic object. Examples: Smooth, serrated, etc. Use case: RDF/XML:<nmo:NumismaticObject rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasEdge xml:lang=”en”> Serrated </nmo:hasEdge>  <nmo:hasObjectType rdf:resource=”nm:coin”/></nmo:NumismaticObject> ↑TOP

hasEndDate

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasEndDate Note: Identifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. Example: 192 B.C. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasEndDate xml:lang=”en”>197 B.C.</nmo:hasEndDate></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasFace

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasFace has Superpropertie: hasAppearance has Subproperties: hasObverse , hasReverse Note: Identifies a particular face of a numismatic object. Where possible and appropriate, the more specific properties hasObverse or hasReverse are preferred. Use case: Turtle::Coin_1...

hasFindspot

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasFindspot Note: Describes the location of the discovery of an object, whether by accident or in archaeological excavation. Use case: RDF/XML:<nmo:Hoard rdf:about=”Hoard_1″>  <nmo:hasFindspot>    <crm:E53_Place>      <rdfs:label xml:lang=”en”> This_Place </rdfs:label>      <geo:location...

hasHeight

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasHeight has Subproperties: hasMaxHeight , hasMinHeight Note: Describes the height of a numismatic object. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Object_1″>  <nmo:hasHeight rdf:datatype=”xsd:decimal”> 15.2 </nmo:hasHeight></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasIconography

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasIconography has Superproperties: hasAppearance has Subproperties: hasCountermark , hasPortrait Related concepts: Person, Deity Note: Describes an iconography placed on a numismatic object. Examples: Iconography of (a person, a deity, an animal, a symbol, an...

hasIssuer

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasIssuer Related concepts: Person Note: Identifies the person administratively responsible for the issue of a numismatic object, generally named in some capacity on the object. Example: Coin minted in Maroneia, issued by Metrodotos. Use...

hasLegend

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasLegend has Superproperties: hasAppearance Note: Describes the inscription or printing placed on a numismatic object as part of the production process. Examples: Coin minted in Rome, showing portrait of Titus and legend on the...

hasManufacture

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasManufacture Related classes: nmo:Manufacture Note: Describes the method of manufacture of a numismatic object. Example: Struck, cast, printed. Use case: RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasManufacture rdf:resource=”nm:struck”/></rdf:Description> ↑TOP

hasMaterial

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasMaterial has Superproperties: owl:topObjectProperty Related classes: nmo:Material Note: Describes the physical material from which a numismatic object is made. Examples: Gold, silver, bronze. Coin_1 made of gold, with weight standards Euboean, minted in Macedonia...

hasMint

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasMint Related classes: nmo:Mint Note: Identifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object. Examples: Rome, comama, etc., Coin_1 minted in comama is certain, Coin_x minted either in comama or in cretopolis,...

hasReferenceWork

IRI: http://nomisma.org/ontology#hasReferenceWork Note: Specifies a published work of reference relevant to a numismatic object. Related classes: nmo:ReferenceWork Use case: a. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasReferenceWork rdf:resource=”nm:igch”/></rdf:Description> Use case: b. RDF/XML:<rdf:Description rdf:about=”Coin_1″>  <nmo:hasReferenceWork rdf:resource=”http://…/about_coin_1″/></rdf:Description> Use case: c. Turtle::Coin_1...

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